## How do you subnet?

255.248 or /29.STEP 1: Convert to Binary.STEP 2: Calculate the Subnet Address.

To calculate the IP Address Subnet you need to perform a bit-wise AND operation (1+1=1, 1+0 or 0+1 =0, 0+0=0) on the host IP address and subnet mask.

STEP 3: Find Host Range.

STEP 4: Calculate the Total Number of Subnets and Hosts Per Subnet..

## What is difference between subnet mask and default gateway?

A gateway IP refers to a device on a network which sends local network traffic to other networks. The subnet mask number helps to define the relationship between the host (computers, routers, switches, etc.) and the rest of the network.

An IP address is an address used in order to uniquely identify a device on an IP network. The address is made up of 32 binary bits, which can be divisible into a network portion and host portion with the help of a subnet mask. The 32 binary bits are broken into four octets (1 octet = 8 bits).

## What are the disadvantages of subnetting?

Subnetting decreases the total number of IP addresses in the network but may need buying additional hardware such as a router. So, it may cost lots of money. It cannot correct the lack of efficiency because companies still assign address block regarding to classes.

## What is Subnet Mask example?

Subnet masks are also expressed in dot-decimal notation like an address. For example, 255.255. 255.0 is the subnet mask for the prefix 198.51. 100.0/24.

## How do I know my subnet mask?

If your computer is connected to a network, you can view the network’s subnet mask number in the Network control panel (Windows) or System Preference (macOS). Most home networks use the default subnet mask of 255.255. 255.0.

## Why subnetting is required?

Subnetting ensures that traffic destined for a device within a subnet stays in that subnet, which reduces congestion. … However, using a router to move traffic between subnets results in no broadcast traffic or any information that doesn’t need to be routed being moved to other subnets.

## How long is a subnet mask?

A subnet mask is a 32-bit number created by setting host bits to all 0s and setting network bits to all 1s. In this way, the subnet mask separates the IP address into the network and host addresses. The “255” address is always assigned to a broadcast address, and the “0” address is always assigned to a network address.

## Is default gateway same as IP address?

A Default Gateway is always a router that can connect to more than one IP network and can route traffic between those IP networks. The router will have its own IP address on each IP network that it connects to. … The computer knows that it can talk directly with any other IP address on the same IP network as itself.

## What is subnet mask and why it is used?

The subnet mask is used by the TCP/IP protocol to determine whether a host is on the local subnet or on a remote network. In TCP/IP, the parts of the IP address that are used as the network and host addresses aren’t fixed. Unless you have more information, the network and host addresses above can’t be determined.

## What is the point of a subnet?

Subnetting adds order and increased performance by splitting up traffic in larger networks. When you subnet your network, you ensure that traffic destined for a particular device within that subnet stays within the subnet. This will minimize congestion in other parts of the network.