How Many Authors Do You Use Et Al?

What is the difference between APA 6th edition and 7th edition?

In APA 6th ed.

subsequent in-text citations for works with three to five authors only include the first author followed by “et al.” (which means “and others” in Latin) and the date: …

all in-text citations for six or more authors include only the first author followed by “et al.” and the date.

APA 7th ed..

How do you cite 4 authors in APA in text?

Specifically, articles with one or two authors include all names in every in-text citation; articles with three, four, or five authors include all names in the first in-text citation but are abbreviated to the first author name plus et al.

How do you cite many authors?

Multiple Authors2 Authors: Always cite both authors’ names in-text everytime you reference them. Example: Johnson and Smith (2009) found…6 or More Authors: If a document has six or more authors, simply provide the last name of the first author with “et al.” from the first citation to the last. Example: Thomas et al.

How many authors before you use et al?

In APA Style in-text citations, when a source has two authors, list both. When there are three or more authors, cite the first author followed by “et al.” APA does not recommend using “et al.” in the reference list. Instead, list up to 20 authors in full.

How do you cite more than 3 authors in APA?

A Work by Three or More Authors List only the first author’s name followed by “et al.” in every citation, even the first, unless doing so would create ambiguity between different sources. In et al., et should not be followed by a period. Only “al” should be followed by a period.

Can you use et al for 3 authors Harvard?

If the work has four or more authors/editors the abbreviation ‘et al. … It is also acceptable to use ‘et al. ‘ after the first author if the work has three authors.

Is et al rude?

Dear and hello are warm, positive words. Et al., the abbreviation of et alii, is about as friendly as a flu shot. They don’t fit well together. The use of et al. is not standard in greetings, so people will stumble over it, wondering whether they missed an important new rule somewhere.

How do you cite 4 authors in APA?

APA in-text citations with multiple authors If there are three or more authors, only include the first author’s last name followed by “et al.”, meaning “and others”. Group authors known by their abbreviations (e.g., CDC) are written in full the first time and are abbreviated in subsequent citations.

Can you use et al for 2 authors?

The Latinate abbreviation “et al.” is short for “et alii,” which means, “and others,” and always refers to people, not objects. So if you had two authors, adding “et al.” would indicate that there were other authors – and since there are no other authors in this case, it is incorrect to use it.

Can you text et al?

Use the word “and” between the authors’ names within the text and use the ampersand in parentheses. In subsequent citations, only use the first author’s last name followed by “et al.” in the signal phrase or in parentheses. In et al., et should not be followed by a period.

Can et al be used for things?

refers to a list of things, et al. refers to a list of people. Etc. is common in formal and informal writing. … Etc. is short for “et cetera,” which is a Latin phrase that means “and the rest.” Use etc.

How do you cite 7 authors in APA?

More Than Seven Authors List by last names and initials; commas separate author names. After the sixth author’s name, use an ellipsis in place of the author names. Then provide the final author name. There should be no more than seven names.